Repeated exposure to noise increases tolerance in a coral reef fish

Sophie Nedelec, Suzanne Mills, David Lecchini, Brendan Nedelec, Steve Simpson, Andy Radford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

23 Citations (Scopus)
230 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Some anthropogenic noise is now considered pollution, with evidence building that noise from human activities such as transportation, construction and exploration can impact behaviour and physiology in a broad range of taxa. However, relatively little research has considered the effects of repeated or chronic noise; extended exposures may result in habituation or sensitisation, and thus changes in response. We conducted a field-based experiment at Moorea Island to investigate how repeated exposure to playback of motorboat noise affected a coral reef fish (Dascyllus trimaculatus). We found that juvenile D. trimaculatus increased hiding behaviour during motorboat noise after two days of repeated exposure, but no longer did so after one and two weeks of exposure. We also found that naïve individuals responded to playback of motorboat noise with elevated ventilation rates, but that this response was diminished after one and two weeks of repeated exposure. We found no strong evidence that baseline blood cortisol levels, growth or body condition were affected by three weeks of repeated motorboat-noise playback. Our study reveals the importance of considering how tolerance levels may change over time, rather than simply extrapolating from results of short-term studies, if we are to make decisions about regulation and mitigation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)428-436
Number of pages9
JournalEnvironmental Pollution
Volume216
Early online date17 Jun 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2016

Keywords

  • anthropogenic noise
  • body condition
  • cortisol
  • growth
  • habituation
  • stress

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