Resuscitation in hip fractures: The practicality and clinical effectiveness of pre-operative resuscitation of patients with hip fracture using blood products

Brett Rocos*, Michael R. Whitehouse*, Katherine Walsh*, Barnaby C. Reeves*, Michael B. Kelly*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

Abstract

Introduction: This study aimed to determine the practicality and estimate the effect of administering pre-operative blood product resuscitation to a consecutive, prospectively recruited cohort of 100 patients admitted to a single centre with a hip fracture with all other treatment unchanged. Method: 100 patients aged 65 years or over admitted acutely to our unit with unilateral fractured femoral neck during the study period were included in this study, regardless of cognitive function. Patients were excluded only if there were relevant medical comorbidities or consent was declined. Each patient was resuscitated with a single unit of packed red cells in the immediate perioperative period in addition to standard care. The primary outcome was to establish the feasibility of the study protocol employed in using blood products to resuscitate eligible patients and recording reasons for any failures to include eligible patients. Additional data regarding mortality at 30 days following injury, subsequent blood product use, any transfusion related adverse reactions and total blood product use was measured. Results: We were able to show that it is safe and practicable to deliver blood as an early resuscitative strategy in the frail elderly hip fracture population. The mortality rate of the study cohort was 3%. No adverse reaction was observed in any of the 99 patients given blood as a result of the resuscitation strategy and no morbidity was seen that could be attributed to the effect of giving blood. The total amount of blood received by comparable cohorts in the study period and the two preceding years were similar. Conclusions: The study suggests that in the hip fracture population it is both practical and beneficial to move away from reactive transfusion regimens, and instead centre efforts instead on optimal resuscitation at the initial presentation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-97
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Orthopaedics
Volume19
Early online date12 Nov 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2020

Structured keywords

  • BTC (Bristol Trials Centre)

Keywords

  • Blood
  • Hip fracture
  • Mortality
  • Resuscitation
  • Trauma

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