Review of laboratory submissions from New World camelids in England and Wales (2000-2011)

D. F. Twomey*, G. Wu, R. Nicholson, E. N. Watson, A. P. Foster

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sample submissions to the Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency's (AHVLA's) diagnostic laboratory network in England and Wales were reviewed for diseases affecting New World camelids (NWCs). In the years 2000-2011, 6757 submissions were analysed, including 5154/6757 (76.3%) for diagnosing a disease problem and 1603/6757 (23.7%) for monitoring (no clinical disease). Wasting (weight loss, illthrift) was the most commonly reported clinical sign across all age groups. A diagnosis was reached for 176515154(34.2%) diagnostic submissions. The proportion of submissions with diagnoses was higher for carcasses than non-carcass samples and multiple diagnoses were more likely to be reached from carcasses. Parasitic diseases were collectively the most common problem, including parasitic gastroenteritis (319/1765, 18.2%), coccidiosis (187/1765, 10.6%), fascioliasis (151/1765, 8.6%), ectoparasitic infestations (86/1765, 4.9%) and cryptosporidiosis (24/1765, 1.4%). The most frequently diagnosed non-parasitic problems included nutritional diseases (182/1765, 10.3%), septicaemia (104/1765, 5.9%, including 45 cases of colisepticaemia), gastric ulceration (79/1765, 4.5%), tumours/neoplastic diseases (65/1765, 3.7%), tuberculosis (57/1765, 3.2%), clostridial diseases (44/1765, 2.5%), congenital anomalies (41/1765, 2.3%), peritonitis (39/1765, 2.2%) and Johne's disease (20/1765, 1.1%). Crown Copyright (C) 2014 Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)51-59
Number of pages9
JournalVeterinary Journal
Volume200
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2014

Keywords

  • Alpaca
  • Llama
  • New World camelid
  • Laboratory diagnostic records
  • SOUTH-AMERICAN CAMELIDS
  • LLAMAS LAMA-GLAMA
  • ALPACAS VICUGNA-PACOS
  • UNITED-KINGDOM
  • CRYPTOSPORIDIOSIS
  • PARASITES
  • UK
  • PHARMACOKINETICS
  • LYMPHOSARCOMA
  • TUBERCULOSIS

Cite this