Review on the optimal placement, sizing and control of an energy storage system in the distribution network

Ling Ai Wong*, Vigna K. Ramachandaramurthy, Phil Taylor, J. B. Ekanayake, Sara L. Walker, Sanjeevikumar Padmanaban

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article (Academic Journal)peer-review

68 Citations (Scopus)


Energy storage system (ESS) has developed as an important element in enhancing the performance of the power system especially after the involvement of renewable energy based generation in the system. However, there are a few challenges to employ ESS in distribution network, one of which is to ensure the best location and capacity so as to take the full advantage of installing ESS in the grid. In this paper, an extensive literature review on optimal allocation and control of ESS is performed. Besides, different technologies and the benefits of the ESS are discussed. Some case studies of ESS application in different part of the world are also presented. Finally, this paper emphasizes the future improvement of ESS control and performance to solve more complicated problems originated from the participation of renewable energy generation in the power system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)489-504
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Energy Storage
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Elsevier Ltd

Copyright 2019 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Artificial intelligence
  • Distribution network
  • Energy storage system
  • Objective function

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