Roaming dynamics in ion-molecule reactions: phase space reaction pathways and geometrical interpretation

Frederic A. L. Mauguiere*, Peter Collins, Gregory S. Ezra, Stavros C. Farantos, Stephen Wiggins

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A model Hamiltonian for the reaction CH4+ -> CH3+ + H, parametrized to exhibit either early or late inner transition states, is employed to investigate the dynamical characteristics of the roaming mechanism. Tight/loose transition states and conventional/roaming reaction pathways are identified in terms of time-invariant objects in phase space. These are dividing surfaces associated with normally hyperbolic invariant manifolds (NHIMs). For systems with two degrees of freedom NHIMS are unstable periodic orbits which, in conjunction with their stable and unstable manifolds, unambiguously define the (locally) non-recrossing dividing surfaces assumed in statistical theories of reaction rates. By constructing periodic orbit continuation/bifurcation diagrams for two values of the potential function parameter corresponding to late and early transition states, respectively, and using the total energy as another parameter, we dynamically assign different regions of phase space to reactants and products as well as to conventional and roaming reaction pathways. The classical dynamics of the system are investigated by uniformly sampling trajectory initial conditions on the dividing surfaces. Trajectories are classified into four different categories: direct reactive and non-reactive trajectories, which lead to the formation of molecular and radical products respectively, and roaming reactive and non-reactive orbiting trajectories, which represent alternative pathways to form molecular and radical products. By analysing gap time distributions at several energies, we demonstrate that the phase space structure of the roaming region, which is strongly influenced by nonlinear resonances between the two degrees of freedom, results in nonexponential (nonstatistical) decay. (C) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC.

Original languageEnglish
Article number134112
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Volume140
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Apr 2014

Keywords

  • TRANSITION-STATE THEORY
  • UNIMOLECULAR REACTIONS
  • NUCLEOPHILIC-SUBSTITUTION
  • ISOMERIZATION DYNAMICS
  • BIMOLECULAR COLLISIONS
  • ASYMPTOTIC STABILITY
  • TRAPPED TRAJECTORIES
  • HAMILTONIAN-SYSTEMS
  • DISSOCIATION RATES
  • CLASSICAL THEORIES

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