Robust heteroclinic cycles in the one-dimensional complex Ginzburg-Landau equation

DGB Lloyd, AR Champneys, RE Wilson

Research output: Working paper

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Numerical evidence is presented for the existence of stable heteroclinic cycles in large parameter regions of the one-dimensional complex Ginzburg-Landau equation (CGL) on the unit, spatially periodic domain. These cycles connect different spatially and temporally inhomogeneous time-periodic solutions as t tends to plus or minus infinity. A careful analysis of the connections is made using a projection onto 5 complex Fourier modes. It is shown first that the time-periodic solutions can be treated as (relative) equilibria after consideration of the symmetries of the CGL. Second, the cycles are shown to be robust since the individual heteroclinic connections exist in invariant subspaces. Thirdly, after constructing appropriate Poincaré maps around the cycle, a criteria for temporal stability is established, which is shown numerically to hold in specific parameter regions where the cycles are found to be of Shil'nikov type. This criterion is also applied to a much higher-mode Fourier truncation where similar results are found. In regions where instability of the cycles occurs, either Shilni'kov-Hopf or blow-out bifurcations are observed, with numerical evidence of competing attractors. Implications for observed spatio-temporal intermittency in situations modelled by the CGL are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusUnpublished - 2004

Bibliographical note

Additional information: Preprint submitted to Physica D

Sponsorship: D.L. would like to thank Phil Holmes, Vivien Kirk, Paul Matthews, Alas-
tair Rucklidge, Edgar Knobloch, Dieter Armbruster, Ian Melbourne, Rebecca
Hoyle, Ann Skeldon and Thomas Wagenknecht, for their help and many useful
suggestions and comments. This work was supported by an EPSRC Research Studentship

Structured keywords

  • Engineering Mathematics Research Group


  • intermittency
  • complex Ginzburg-Landau equation
  • heteroclinic cycles


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