Role of ventral medullary catecholaminergic neurons for respiratory modulation of sympathetic outflow in rats

Davi J.A. Moraes*, Leni G.H. Bonagamba, Melina P. Da Silva, Julian F.R. Paton, Benedito H. Machado

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

7 Citations (Scopus)
217 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Sympathetic activity displays rhythmic oscillations generated by brainstem
inspiratory and expiratory neurons. Amplification of these rhythmic respiratory-related oscillations is observed in rats under enhanced central respiratory drive or during development of neurogenic hypertension. Herein, we evaluated the involvement of ventral medullary sympatho-excitatory catecholaminergic C1 neurons, using inhibitory Drosophila allatostatin receptors, for the enhanced expiratory-related oscillations in sympathetic activity in rats submitted to chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) and following activation of both peripheral (hypoxia) and central chemoreceptors (hypercapnia). Pharmacogenetic inhibition of C1 neurons bilaterally resulted in reductions of their firing frequency and amplitude of inspiratory-related sympathetic activity in rats in normocapnia, hypercapnia or after CIH. In contrast, hypercapnia or hypoxia-induced enhanced expiratory-related sympathetic oscillations were unaffected by C1 neuronal inhibition. Inhibition of C1 neurons also resulted in a significant fall in arterial pressure and heart rate that was similar in magnitude between normotensive and CIH hypertensive rats, but basal arterial pressure in CIH rats remained higher compared to controls. C1 neurons play a key role in regulating inspiratory modulation of sympathetic activity and arterial pressure in both normotensive and CIH hypertensive rats, but they are not involved in the enhanced late-expiratory-related sympathetic activity triggered by activation of peripheral or central chemoreceptors.
Original languageEnglish
Article number16883
Number of pages16
JournalScientific Reports
Volume7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Dec 2017

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    Moraes, D. J. A., Bonagamba, L. G. H., Da Silva, M. P., Paton, J. F. R., & Machado, B. H. (2017). Role of ventral medullary catecholaminergic neurons for respiratory modulation of sympathetic outflow in rats. Scientific Reports, 7, [16883]. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-17113-7