RT-PCR amplification of various canine cytokines and so-called house-keeping genes in a species-specific macrophage cell line (DH82) and canine peripheral blood leukocytes

A Grone, S Fonfara, S Markus, W Baumgartner

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

    22 Citations (Scopus)


    Total ribonucleic acid (RNA) isolated from a continuous canine macrophage cell line (DH82) was used in reverse transcription polymerase chain reactions (RT-PCR) for the detection of transcripts of interleukin (IL)-8, -12, and tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF). Three different methods of RNA isolation (standard guanidinium-thiocyanate method with and without application of RNA matrix, and boiling) mere used and compared in regard to RT-PCR results. The most suitable method was used to establish RT-PCR amplification of mRNA transcripts of IL-2, -10, and interferon-gamma (IFN) in RNA isolated from canine peripheral blood leukocytes. Integrity; of RNA isolates was ensured by amplification of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) or beta-actin. IL-8, -12, and TNF were amplified from RNA isolated by various methods. Use of guanidinium-thiocyanate with and without RNA matrix gave the most consistent results. Boiling as a mean of RNA isolation was quick and easy, but the RT-PCR results were extremely variable and multiple smaller bands were observed in the agarose gel in some preparations. IL-2, -10 and IFN transcripts were amplified from RNA isolated with guamidimium-thiocyanate from leukocytes stimulated with concanavalin A. DNase-treatment of RNA isolates was necessary to assure the destruction of genomic DNA and to avoid amplification of genomic sequences. This was especially a problem when using primers for GAPDH, beta-actin, IL-12, and TNF. Lack of DNase-treatment may lead to false positive results. This map be especially a problem when amplification of so-called house-keeping genes is used as internal control for RNA integrity. These findings demonstrated that isolation of total RNA with guanidinium-thiocyanate followed by DNase-treatment gave reliable and consistent results for detection of cytokine transcripts by RT-PCR in a canine macrophage cell line and canine peripheral blood leukocytes.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)301-310
    Number of pages10
    JournalJournal of Veterinary Medicine Series B: Infectious Diseases and Veterinary Public Health
    Issue number5
    Publication statusPublished - Jun 1999

    Cite this