S100A4 regulates cell motility and invasion in an in vitro model for breast cancer metastasis

S R Jenkinson, R Barraclough, C R West, P S Rudland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

88 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Elevated levels of the calcium-binding protein S100A4 are associated with poor patient survival in breast cancer patients and induce metastasis in rodent models. To investigate the effects of S100A4 on different components of the metastatic process, epithelial cells lines have been isolated from nonmalignant tumours in neu transgenic mice and from malignant tumours in neu/S100A4 double transgenic mice. Additional cell lines expressing both Neu and S100A4 have also been derived by transfection of rat S100A4 cDNA into tumour cell lines cloned from neu single transgenic mice. Using these cells in transfilter migration assays, it has been shown that increases in either motility or invasive properties correlate with each other and with the level of S100A4 protein. Injection of three of the cell lines separately into the mammary fat pads of nude mice showed that elevated levels of S100A4 correlated with the degree of metastasis to the lungs. In contrast, changes in cell proliferation and cell-substrate adhesion did not correlate with S100A4 levels. Neither motility nor invasiveness correlated with proteolytic degradation of gelatin as measured by zymography. Thus, the results suggest that the main effect of increases in S100A4 levels in metastasis is to generate increased cell motility and invasion and that this latter change is not dependent upon an increased ability to degrade the intercellular matrix.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)253-62
Number of pages10
JournalBritish Journal of Cancer
Volume90
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Jan 2004

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Breast Neoplasms
  • Cell Movement
  • DNA, Complementary
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • Neoplasm Invasiveness
  • Neoplasm Metastasis
  • S100 Proteins
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured

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