Sand Rubber Mixtures: 1D Compressibility Response

Sabriye Ozkan*, Erdin Ibraim, Andrea Diambra

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference Contribution (Conference Proceeding)

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The number of scrap tyres is growing all around the world due to increasing number of vehicles on the roads. This creates significant environmental and economic concerns. The usage of recycled and reused scrap tyres in civil and geotechnical engineering projects is an alternative way to help with decreasing number of stockpiled scrap tyres. The tyre derived material is commonly mixed with sand in different proportions and used as an alternative material in engineering projects. This paper presents a series of laboratory experimental work on sand-rubber mixtures under one-dimensional confined compression loading. It is aimed to investigate the response of mixture and the effect of increasing volumetric fraction of rubber on results. Samples were tested with seven different volumetric fractions of rubber ranging from 0 (SR0-pure sand) to 100% (SR100- pure rubber). The results of conducted laboratory experiments indicate that the one-dimensional response of mixtures change with rubber fraction. Samples with higher rubber fraction indicate higher compressibility and lower stiffness whereas specimen with lower rubber fraction demonstrate higher stiffness and less compressible behaviour which is related to the material properties of rubber particles.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSustainable Earth and Beyond
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of EGRWSE 2022
EditorsYeliz Yukselen-Aksoy, Krishna R. Reddy, Arvind Kumar Agnihotri
PublisherSpringer, Singapore
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9789819940417
ISBN (Print)9789819940400
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2023
EventThird International Conference on Environmental Geotechnology, Recycled Waste Materials and Sustainable Engineering, 2022 - Izmir, Turkey, Izmir, Turkey
Duration: 15 Sept 202217 Sept 2022

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Civil Engineering (LNCE)
ISSN (Print)2366-2557
ISSN (Electronic)2366-2565


ConferenceThird International Conference on Environmental Geotechnology, Recycled Waste Materials and Sustainable Engineering, 2022
Abbreviated titleEGRWSE-2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd 2023.


  • sand-rubber mixtures
  • Recycled Tyres
  • Recycled Materials
  • Laboratory Testing


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