School value-added models for multivariate academic and non-academic outcomes: Exploring implications for performance monitoring and accountability

Lucy Prior*, Harvey Goldstein, George Leckie

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

Abstract

Education systems around the world increasingly rely on school value-added models to monitor school performance and hold schools to account. These models typically focus on a limited number of academic outcomes. We explore how the traditional multilevel modelling approach to school value-added models can be extended to simultaneously analyse multiple academic and non-academic outcomes and the implications of doing so for systems using student data to monitor schools and inform school accountability. We jointly model student attainment, absence, and exclusion data for schools in England. We find very different results across the three outcomes, in terms of the size and consistency of school effects, and the importance of adjusting for student and school characteristics. The results suggest the three outcomes are capturing fundamentally distinct aspects of school performance, all of which are therefore important for education systems to monitor and explore including in systems of school accountability.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)486-507
Number of pages22
JournalSchool Effectiveness and School Improvement
Volume32
Issue number3
Early online date3 May 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Economic and Social Research Council under Grant number ES/R010285/1. This work was produced using data from the Department for Education National Pupil Database, distributed by the Office for National Statistics (ONS), which is Crown Copyright. The use of the ONS statistical data in this work does not imply the endorsement of the ONS in relation to the interpretation or analysis of the statistical data.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

Structured keywords

  • SoE Centre for Multilevel Modelling

Keywords

  • school accountability
  • value-added
  • multilevel model
  • absenteeism
  • exclusions

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