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Seasonal abundance of the stable fly Stomoxys calcitrans in south west England

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Seasonal abundance of the stable fly Stomoxys calcitrans in south west England. / Parravani, Abby; Chivers, Charlotte-Anne; Bell, Nikki; Long, Sarah; Burden, Faith; Wall, Richard.

In: Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 30.05.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Parravani, A, Chivers, C-A, Bell, N, Long, S, Burden, F & Wall, R 2019, 'Seasonal abundance of the stable fly Stomoxys calcitrans in south west England', Medical and Veterinary Entomology. https://doi.org/10.1111/mve.12386

APA

Parravani, A., Chivers, C-A., Bell, N., Long, S., Burden, F., & Wall, R. (2019). Seasonal abundance of the stable fly Stomoxys calcitrans in south west England. Medical and Veterinary Entomology. https://doi.org/10.1111/mve.12386

Vancouver

Parravani A, Chivers C-A, Bell N, Long S, Burden F, Wall R. Seasonal abundance of the stable fly Stomoxys calcitrans in south west England. Medical and Veterinary Entomology. 2019 May 30. https://doi.org/10.1111/mve.12386

Author

Parravani, Abby ; Chivers, Charlotte-Anne ; Bell, Nikki ; Long, Sarah ; Burden, Faith ; Wall, Richard. / Seasonal abundance of the stable fly Stomoxys calcitrans in south west England. In: Medical and Veterinary Entomology. 2019.

Bibtex

@article{e66ae549d3a849bb88fbc783f9e25b23,
title = "Seasonal abundance of the stable fly Stomoxys calcitrans in south west England",
abstract = "The stable fly, Stomoxys calcitrans (L.), is a cosmopolitan biting fly of both economic and welfare concern, primarily due to its painful bite which can cause blood loss, discomfort and loss of productivity in livestock. Between June and November in 2016 and May and December in 2017, Alsynite sticky-traps were deployed at four Donkey Sanctuary sites in south west England, which experience recurrent seasonal biting fly problems. The aim was to evaluate the seasonal dynamics of the stable fly populations and the risk factors associated with abundance. In total, 19,835 S. calcitrans were trapped during the study period. In both years abundance increased gradually over summer months to peak in late August/ September. There were no relationships between seasonally detrended abundance and any climatic factors. Fly abundance was significantly different between sites and population size was consistent between years at three of the four sites. The median chronological age, determined by pteridine analysis of flies caught live whilst blood feeding, was 4.67 days (IQR 3.8-6.2 days) in males and 6.79 days (IQR 4.8-10.4 days) in females; there was no significant, consistent change in age or age structure over time suggesting that adult flies emerge continuously over the summer, rather than in discrete age-related cohorts. The data suggest that flies are more abundant in the vicinity of active animal facilities, but the strong behavioural association between flies and their hosts means that they are less likely to be caught on traps where host availability is high. The implications of these results for fly management are discussed.",
keywords = "biting flies, climate, hosts, pest management, alsynite traps, donkey",
author = "Abby Parravani and Charlotte-Anne Chivers and Nikki Bell and Sarah Long and Faith Burden and Richard Wall",
year = "2019",
month = "5",
day = "30",
doi = "10.1111/mve.12386",
language = "English",
journal = "Medical and Veterinary Entomology",
issn = "0269-283X",
publisher = "Wiley",

}

RIS - suitable for import to EndNote

TY - JOUR

T1 - Seasonal abundance of the stable fly Stomoxys calcitrans in south west England

AU - Parravani, Abby

AU - Chivers, Charlotte-Anne

AU - Bell, Nikki

AU - Long, Sarah

AU - Burden, Faith

AU - Wall, Richard

PY - 2019/5/30

Y1 - 2019/5/30

N2 - The stable fly, Stomoxys calcitrans (L.), is a cosmopolitan biting fly of both economic and welfare concern, primarily due to its painful bite which can cause blood loss, discomfort and loss of productivity in livestock. Between June and November in 2016 and May and December in 2017, Alsynite sticky-traps were deployed at four Donkey Sanctuary sites in south west England, which experience recurrent seasonal biting fly problems. The aim was to evaluate the seasonal dynamics of the stable fly populations and the risk factors associated with abundance. In total, 19,835 S. calcitrans were trapped during the study period. In both years abundance increased gradually over summer months to peak in late August/ September. There were no relationships between seasonally detrended abundance and any climatic factors. Fly abundance was significantly different between sites and population size was consistent between years at three of the four sites. The median chronological age, determined by pteridine analysis of flies caught live whilst blood feeding, was 4.67 days (IQR 3.8-6.2 days) in males and 6.79 days (IQR 4.8-10.4 days) in females; there was no significant, consistent change in age or age structure over time suggesting that adult flies emerge continuously over the summer, rather than in discrete age-related cohorts. The data suggest that flies are more abundant in the vicinity of active animal facilities, but the strong behavioural association between flies and their hosts means that they are less likely to be caught on traps where host availability is high. The implications of these results for fly management are discussed.

AB - The stable fly, Stomoxys calcitrans (L.), is a cosmopolitan biting fly of both economic and welfare concern, primarily due to its painful bite which can cause blood loss, discomfort and loss of productivity in livestock. Between June and November in 2016 and May and December in 2017, Alsynite sticky-traps were deployed at four Donkey Sanctuary sites in south west England, which experience recurrent seasonal biting fly problems. The aim was to evaluate the seasonal dynamics of the stable fly populations and the risk factors associated with abundance. In total, 19,835 S. calcitrans were trapped during the study period. In both years abundance increased gradually over summer months to peak in late August/ September. There were no relationships between seasonally detrended abundance and any climatic factors. Fly abundance was significantly different between sites and population size was consistent between years at three of the four sites. The median chronological age, determined by pteridine analysis of flies caught live whilst blood feeding, was 4.67 days (IQR 3.8-6.2 days) in males and 6.79 days (IQR 4.8-10.4 days) in females; there was no significant, consistent change in age or age structure over time suggesting that adult flies emerge continuously over the summer, rather than in discrete age-related cohorts. The data suggest that flies are more abundant in the vicinity of active animal facilities, but the strong behavioural association between flies and their hosts means that they are less likely to be caught on traps where host availability is high. The implications of these results for fly management are discussed.

KW - biting flies

KW - climate

KW - hosts

KW - pest management

KW - alsynite traps

KW - donkey

U2 - 10.1111/mve.12386

DO - 10.1111/mve.12386

M3 - Article

JO - Medical and Veterinary Entomology

JF - Medical and Veterinary Entomology

SN - 0269-283X

ER -