Seasonal cycles in baseline mixing ratios of a large number of trace gases at the Mace Head, Ireland atmospheric research station

Richard G. Derwent*, David D. Parrish, Peter G. Simmonds, Simon J. O'Doherty, T. Gerard Spain

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

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Abstract

A flexible approach for quantifying average long-term changes and seasonal cycles has been applied to the baseline mixing ratios of thirty-two trace gases monitored at the Atmospheric Research Station located at Mace Head, Ireland on the Atlantic Ocean coastline of Europe. Almost all these trace gases exhibit minima in their baseline seasonal cycles during a two-month period from mid-July to the end of September and maxima during a six-month period between November and May. Relative seasonal cycle amplitudes are largest for those trace gases with the shortest atmospheric lifetimes and smallest for the longest. Robust relationships were found between the timings of the seasonal maxima and minima and their relative amplitudes with the atmospheric lifetimes of the trace gases. These relationships provide a basis for understanding the reasons that the seasonal cycles of a few species (that is, H2, CCl4 and the longest-lived gases) deviate significantly; they also have excellent potential as tools to assess global chemistry-transport model performance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number117531
JournalAtmospheric Environment
Volume233
Early online date11 May 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2020

Keywords

  • Baseline mixing ratios
  • Seasonal cycle amplitudes
  • Seasonal cycle phases
  • Trace gases

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