The two-dimensional problem of the free sloshing of an inviscid fluid in a vertically walled tank with an arbitrary bed shape is solved at both first and second order in the Stokes expansion of the velocity potential. The approach employed at both orders uses Green's functions for a flat bed in conjunction with the Cauchy-Riemann equations to derive integral equations for the tangential flux along the varying bed. The first- and second-order potentials everywhere in the fluid may then be related to these fluxes. Significant analytic progress is made with the calculation of various contributions to the integral equations at second order. The equations at first and second order are ultimately solved using a variational principle equivalent to the Galerkin method, giving efficient and accurate results. In particular, the work involved in determining the second-order solution is no more intensive than in solving the first-order problem. The first-order solution is shown to reproduce known results for specific bed shapes. The method is applied to a range of bed shapes and the second-order correction to the free-surface elevation is illustrated.
|Translated title of the contribution
|Second-order sloshing over an arbitrary bed
|331 - 355
|Journal of Fluid Mechanics
|Published - Feb 2005
Bibliographical notePublisher: Cambridge Univ Press
Other identifier: IDS Number: 908KV