Secure Outsourced Computation

Jacob J Loftus, Nigel P. Smart

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference Contribution (Conference Proceeding)

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The development of multi-party computation was one of the early achievements of theoretical cryptography. Since that time a number of papers have been published which look at specific application scenarios (e-voting, e-auctions), different security guarantees (computational vs unconditional), different adversarial models (active vs passive, static vs adaptive), different communication models (secure channels, broadcast) and different set-up assumptions (CRS, trusted hardware etc). We examine an application scenario in the area of cloud computing which we call Secure Outsourced Computation. We show that this variant produces less of a restriction on the allowable adversary structures than full multi-party computation. We also show that if one provides the set of computation engines (or Cloud Computing providers) with a small piece of isolated trusted hardware one can outsource any computation in a manner which requires less security constraints on the underlying communication model and at greater computational/communication efficiency than full multi-party computation. In addition our protocol is highly efficient and thus of greater practicality than previous solutions, our required trusted hardware being particularly simple and with minimal trust requirements.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProgress in Cryptology - AFRICACRYPT 2011
EditorsA Nitaj, D Pointcheval
Place of PublicationBERLIN
PublisherSpringer Berlin Heidelberg
Pages1-20
Number of pages20
Volume6737
ISBN (Print)978-3-642-21969-6
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Event4th International Conference on the Theory and Application of Cryptographic Techniques in Africa (AFRICACRYPT) - Dakar, Senegal
Duration: 5 Jul 20117 Jul 2011

Conference

Conference4th International Conference on the Theory and Application of Cryptographic Techniques in Africa (AFRICACRYPT)
CountrySenegal
CityDakar
Period5/07/117/07/11

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