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Sediment efflux of silicon on the Greenland margin and implications for the marine silicon cycle

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Sediment efflux of silicon on the Greenland margin and implications for the marine silicon cycle. / Ng, Hong Chin; Cassarino, Lucie A; Pickering, Rebecca A; Woodward, E. Malcolm S.; Hammond, Samantha; Hendry, Katharine.

In: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Vol. 529, 115877, 01.01.2020.

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Ng, Hong Chin ; Cassarino, Lucie A ; Pickering, Rebecca A ; Woodward, E. Malcolm S. ; Hammond, Samantha ; Hendry, Katharine. / Sediment efflux of silicon on the Greenland margin and implications for the marine silicon cycle. In: Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 2020 ; Vol. 529.

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@article{f9be4a225a3d4445a8a841d14db58162,
title = "Sediment efflux of silicon on the Greenland margin and implications for the marine silicon cycle",
abstract = "The polar region is experiencing one of the most rapid environmental changes driven by atmospheric warming, and feedbacks within the cryosphere. Under such a setting, it is crucial to understand the biogeochemical cycling of the nutrient silicon (Si) in the high latitudes, which is regulating the nutrient supply to polar ecosystems, and is linked to the global carbon cycle via diatom production. However, these efforts have been hindered by a lack of understanding of the benthic Si cycle, particularly the quantification of the sediment efflux of Si, and identification of the responsible mechanistic processes during early diagenesis. Here, we address these issues using new pore water profiles and incubation experiments on sediment cores collected from the Greenland margin and Labrador Sea, combined with Si isotope analysis and a mass balance model. Benthic Si flux at our study sites is found to be greatly heightened from values sustained by pore water molecular diffusion. The remainder of the flux is likely accountable with early dissolution of reactive biogenic silica phases at the upper sediments, and advective transport of pore waters. Our results highlight an active benthic Si cycle at a northern high-latitude continental margin, which could play a key role in recycling significant amounts of biologically available dissolved Si to the overlying water, and influencing the growth of benthic and planktonic communities in the polar region.",
keywords = "polar ocean, benthic nutrient flux, ocean silicon cycle, silicon isotopes, early diagenesis",
author = "Ng, {Hong Chin} and Cassarino, {Lucie A} and Pickering, {Rebecca A} and Woodward, {E. Malcolm S.} and Samantha Hammond and Katharine Hendry",
year = "2020",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.epsl.2019.115877",
language = "English",
volume = "529",
journal = "Earth and Planetary Science Letters",
issn = "0012-821X",
publisher = "North-Holland Publishing Company",

}

RIS - suitable for import to EndNote

TY - JOUR

T1 - Sediment efflux of silicon on the Greenland margin and implications for the marine silicon cycle

AU - Ng, Hong Chin

AU - Cassarino, Lucie A

AU - Pickering, Rebecca A

AU - Woodward, E. Malcolm S.

AU - Hammond, Samantha

AU - Hendry, Katharine

PY - 2020/1/1

Y1 - 2020/1/1

N2 - The polar region is experiencing one of the most rapid environmental changes driven by atmospheric warming, and feedbacks within the cryosphere. Under such a setting, it is crucial to understand the biogeochemical cycling of the nutrient silicon (Si) in the high latitudes, which is regulating the nutrient supply to polar ecosystems, and is linked to the global carbon cycle via diatom production. However, these efforts have been hindered by a lack of understanding of the benthic Si cycle, particularly the quantification of the sediment efflux of Si, and identification of the responsible mechanistic processes during early diagenesis. Here, we address these issues using new pore water profiles and incubation experiments on sediment cores collected from the Greenland margin and Labrador Sea, combined with Si isotope analysis and a mass balance model. Benthic Si flux at our study sites is found to be greatly heightened from values sustained by pore water molecular diffusion. The remainder of the flux is likely accountable with early dissolution of reactive biogenic silica phases at the upper sediments, and advective transport of pore waters. Our results highlight an active benthic Si cycle at a northern high-latitude continental margin, which could play a key role in recycling significant amounts of biologically available dissolved Si to the overlying water, and influencing the growth of benthic and planktonic communities in the polar region.

AB - The polar region is experiencing one of the most rapid environmental changes driven by atmospheric warming, and feedbacks within the cryosphere. Under such a setting, it is crucial to understand the biogeochemical cycling of the nutrient silicon (Si) in the high latitudes, which is regulating the nutrient supply to polar ecosystems, and is linked to the global carbon cycle via diatom production. However, these efforts have been hindered by a lack of understanding of the benthic Si cycle, particularly the quantification of the sediment efflux of Si, and identification of the responsible mechanistic processes during early diagenesis. Here, we address these issues using new pore water profiles and incubation experiments on sediment cores collected from the Greenland margin and Labrador Sea, combined with Si isotope analysis and a mass balance model. Benthic Si flux at our study sites is found to be greatly heightened from values sustained by pore water molecular diffusion. The remainder of the flux is likely accountable with early dissolution of reactive biogenic silica phases at the upper sediments, and advective transport of pore waters. Our results highlight an active benthic Si cycle at a northern high-latitude continental margin, which could play a key role in recycling significant amounts of biologically available dissolved Si to the overlying water, and influencing the growth of benthic and planktonic communities in the polar region.

KW - polar ocean

KW - benthic nutrient flux

KW - ocean silicon cycle

KW - silicon isotopes

KW - early diagenesis

U2 - 10.1016/j.epsl.2019.115877

DO - 10.1016/j.epsl.2019.115877

M3 - Article

VL - 529

JO - Earth and Planetary Science Letters

JF - Earth and Planetary Science Letters

SN - 0012-821X

M1 - 115877

ER -