Seismological studies of the Soufriere of St. Vincent, 1953-79: Implications for volcanic surveillance in the lesser antilles

John B. Shepherd*, William P. Aspinall

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Soufriere of St. Vincent has been monitored for more than 25 years as part of a regional programme in the Lesser Antilles. In that time the volcano has erupted twice but our studies have shown no discernible change in regional seismicity before either event. However, very small seismic events were observed in the crater during the 1971-1972 eruption and were detected before the start of the 1979 explosive eruption; we believe that they were generated by thermally induced hydraulic fracturing within the lava mass inside the crater lake. We conclude that seismographic monitoring of Lesser Antillean volcanoes can give ambiguous results but that at least one instrument must be placed within 1 km of the vent if the earliest signs of activity are to be detected.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-55
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research
Volume12
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1982

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