Selective Integration: An Attentional Theory of Choice Biases and Adaptive Choice

Marius Usher, Konstantinos Tsetsos*, Moshe Glickman, Nick Chater

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Human choice behavior shows a range of puzzling anomalies. Even simple binary choices are modified by accept/reject framing and by the presence of decoy options, and they can exhibit circular (i.e., intransitive) patterns of preferences. Each of these phenomena is incompatible with many standard models of choice but may provide crucial clues concerning the elementary mental processes underpinning our choices. One promising theoretical account proposes that choice-related information is selectively gathered through an attentionally limited window favoring goal-consistent information. We review research showing attentional-mediated choice biases and present a computationally explicit model—selective integration—that accounts for these biases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)552-559
Number of pages8
JournalCurrent Directions in Psychological Science
Volume28
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
M. Usher was supported by the Israel Science Foundation (Grant No. 1413/17), N. Chater was supported by the Economic and Social Research Council Network for Integrated Behavioural Science (Grant No. ES/P008976/1), K. Tsetsos was supported by a European Research Council Starting Grant under the European Union?s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program (Grant No. 802905), and M. Glickman was supported by United States?Israel Binational Science Foundation (Grant No. 2014612 to M. Usher).

Funding Information:
Human choice behavior shows a range of puzzling anomalies. Even simple binary choices are modified by accept/reject framing and by the presence of decoy options, and they can exhibit circular (i.e., intransitive) patterns of preferences. Each of these phenomena is incompatible with many standard models of choice but may provide crucial clues concerning the elementary mental processes underpinning our choices. One promising theoretical account proposes that choice-related information is selectively gathered through an attentionally limited window favoring goal-consistent information. We review research showing attentional-mediated choice biases and present a computationally explicit model—selective integration—that accounts for these biases. adaptivity choice biases decision making decoy effects framing noise selective attention transitivity violation economic and social research council https://doi.org/10.13039/501100000269 ES/P008976/1 israel science foundation https://doi.org/10.13039/501100003977 1413/17 united states-israel binational science foundation https://doi.org/10.13039/501100001742 2014612 h2020 european research council https://doi.org/10.13039/100010663 Starting Grant under the European Union’s Horizo edited-state corrected-proof

Funding Information:
M. Usher was supported by the Israel Science Foundation (Grant No. 1413/17), N. Chater was supported by the Economic and Social Research Council Network for Integrated Behavioural Science (Grant No. ES/P008976/1), K. Tsetsos was supported by a European Research Council Starting Grant under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program (Grant No. 802905), and M. Glickman was supported by United States–Israel Binational Science Foundation (Grant No. 2014612 to M. Usher).

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2019.

Keywords

  • adaptivity
  • choice biases
  • decision making
  • decoy effects
  • framing
  • noise
  • selective attention
  • transitivity violation

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