Self-assembly and transformation of hybrid nano-objects and nanostructures under equilibrium and non-equilibrium conditions

Stephen Mann*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article (Academic Journal)

707 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Understanding how chemically derived processes control the construction and organization of matter across extended and multiple length scales is of growing interest in many areas of materials research. Here we review present equilibrium and non-equilibrium self-assembly approaches to the synthetic construction of discrete hybrid (inorganic-organic) nano-objects and higher-level nanostructured networks. We examine a range of synthetic modalities under equilibrium conditions that give rise to integrative self-assembly (supramolecular wrapping, nanoscale incarceration and nanostructure templating) or higherorder self-assembly (programmed/directed aggregation). We contrast these strategies with processes of transformative selfassembly that use self-organizing media, reaction-diffusion systems and coupled mesophases to produce higher-level hybrid structures under non-equilibrium conditions. Key elements of the constructional codes associated with these processes are identified with regard to existing theoretical knowledge, and presented as a heuristic guideline for the rational design of hybrid nano-objects and nanomaterials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)781-792
Number of pages12
JournalNature Materials
Volume8
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2009

Keywords

  • FLUORAPATITE-GELATIN-COMPOSITES
  • PEPTIDE-AMPHIPHILE NANOFIBERS
  • SOL-GEL TRANSCRIPTION
  • SULFIDE QUANTUM DOTS
  • VIRAL PROTEIN CAGES
  • MOSAIC-VIRUS
  • BLOCK-COPOLYMER
  • CADMIUM-SULFIDE
  • NANOPARTICLE ARRAYS
  • NANOCRYSTAL GROWTH

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