Self-management strategies used by head and neck cancer survivors following completion of primary treatment: a directed content analysis

S Dunne, O Mooney, L Coffey, L Sharp, A Timmons, D Desmond, Rachael Gooberman-Hill, E O'Sullivan, I Keogh, C Timon, P Gallagher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)
290 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Objective

Head & Neck Cancer (HNC) survivors encounter unique challenges following treatment. This study aimed to identify self-management strategies that HNC survivors use to overcome these post-treatment challenges.

Methods

Twenty-seven individuals from four designated cancer centres in Ireland were interviewed about self-management strategies that helped them overcome challenges following HNC treatment. Interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed and analysed using directed content analysis.

Results

Twenty self-management strategy types (encompassing 77 specific strategies) were identified. The most frequently used self-management strategy types were Self-sustaining (used by 26 survivors), Self-motivating (n = 25) and Proactive problem solving (n = 25). The most frequently used specific strategies were adaptive approaches to ongoing physical consequences of HNC and its treatment (n = 24), customizing dietary practices (n = 24) and maintaining a positive outlook (n = 22).

Conclusions

The study identified strategies that helped HNC survivors to self-manage post-treatment challenges. This information could inform the design/development of self-management interventions tailored towards HNC survivors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2194-3000
Number of pages7
JournalPsycho-Oncology
Volume26
Issue number12
Early online date26 May 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2017

Keywords

  • Head and neck cancer
  • Cancer survival
  • Self-management
  • Psychological intervention development
  • Qualitative

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