Abstract
We derive and study sequential quasi Monte Carlo (SQMC), a class of algorithms
obtained by introducing QMC point sets in particle filtering. SQMC is related to, and may be seen as an extension of, the arrayRQMC algorithm of L’Ecuyer and his colleagues. The complexity of SQMC is O(N logN) , where N is the number of simulations at each iteration, and its error rate is smaller than the Monte Carlo rate O_P(N^{1/2}). The only requirement to implement SQMC algorithms is the ability to write the simulation of particle x_t^n given x_{t1}^n as a deterministic
function of x_{t1}^n and a fixed number of uniform variates. We show that SQMC is amenable to the same extensions as standard SMC, such as forward smoothing, backward smoothing and unbiased likelihood evaluation. In particular, SQMC may replace SMC within a particle Markov chain Monte Carlo algorithm. We establish several convergence results. We provide numerical
evidence that SQMC may significantly outperform SMC in practical scenarios
obtained by introducing QMC point sets in particle filtering. SQMC is related to, and may be seen as an extension of, the arrayRQMC algorithm of L’Ecuyer and his colleagues. The complexity of SQMC is O(N logN) , where N is the number of simulations at each iteration, and its error rate is smaller than the Monte Carlo rate O_P(N^{1/2}). The only requirement to implement SQMC algorithms is the ability to write the simulation of particle x_t^n given x_{t1}^n as a deterministic
function of x_{t1}^n and a fixed number of uniform variates. We show that SQMC is amenable to the same extensions as standard SMC, such as forward smoothing, backward smoothing and unbiased likelihood evaluation. In particular, SQMC may replace SMC within a particle Markov chain Monte Carlo algorithm. We establish several convergence results. We provide numerical
evidence that SQMC may significantly outperform SMC in practical scenarios
Original language  English 

Pages (fromto)  509579 
Number of pages  71 
Journal  Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series B 
Volume  77 
Issue number  3 
Early online date  12 May 2015 
DOIs  
Publication status  Published  1 Jun 2015 
Keywords
 Arrayrandomized quasi Monte Carlo
 Low discrepancy
 Particle filtering
 quasiMonte Carlo
 Randomized quasi Monte Carlo
 Sequential Monte Carlo
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Dr Mathieu Gerber
 School of Mathematics  Lecturer in Statistical Science
 Statistical Science
Person: Academic