Serum steroid hormones, sex hormone-binding globulin concentrations, and urinary hydroxylated estrogen metabolites in postmenopausal women in relation to daidzein-metabolizing phenotypes

CL Frankenfeld, A McTiernan, SS Tworoger, C Atkinson, WK Thomas, F Stanczyk, S Marcinova, S Weigle, NS Weiss, V Holt, SM Schwartz, JW Lampe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Abstract Equol and O-desmethylangolensin (O-DMA) are products of bacterial metabolism of daidzein, an isoflavone in soybeans; thus, the presence or absence of equol and/or O-DMA in urine is a marker of particular intestinal bacteria profiles. Plasma hormone concentrations may be lower in pre-menopausal women who harbor the bacteria capable of producing equol (equol producers) compared to women who do not (equol non-producers). We evaluated concentrations of serum hormones, sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), and urinary 2-hydroxyestrone (2-OH E1) and 16-hydroxyestrone (16-OH E1) in relation to equol-producer and O-DMA-producer phenotypes in 89 post-menopausal women. Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) was 23% greater in O-DMA-producers compared to non-producers (P = 0.04). No significant differences in serum estrogens, androgens, metabolic hormones, or SHBG were observed in relation to either daidzein-metabolizing phenotype. Compared with non-producers within each phenotype, age-adjusted 2-OH E1:16-OH E1 was 27% greater (P = 0.06) in equol-producers and 9% greater (P > 0.10) in O-DMA-producers, and 2-OH E1 concentrations were 24% greater in equol producers (P = 0.07) and 42% greater in O-DMA producers (P = 0.02). No significant differences in 16-OH E1 were observed in relation to either phenotype. These results suggest that interindividual variability in intestinal bacteria may be related to differences in products of hormone metabolism in post-menopausal women. © 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Keywords: Equol; O-desmethylangolensin; Steroid hormones; Postmenopause
Translated title of the contributionSerum steroid hormones, sex hormone-binding globulin concentrations, and urinary hydroxylated estrogen metabolites in postmenopausal women in relation to daidzein-metabolizing phenotypes
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)399 - 408
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Volume88
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2004

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