Shortening cardioplegic arrest time in patients undergoing combined coronary and valve surgery: results from a multicentre randomized controlled trial: the SCAT trial

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Combined coronary artery bypass grafting and valve surgery requires a prolonged period of cardioplegic arrest (CA) predisposing to myocardial injury and postoperative cardiac-specific complications. The aim of this trial was to reduce the CA time in patients undergoing combined coronary artery bypass grafting and valve surgery and assess if this was associated with less myocardial injury and related complications. METHODS: Participants were randomized to (i) coronary artery bypass grafting performed on the beating heart with cardiopulmonary bypass support followed by CA for the valve procedure (hybrid) or (ii) both procedures under CA (conventional). To assess complications related to myocardial injury, we used the composite of death, myocardial infarction, arrhythmia, need for pacing or inotropes for >12 h. To assess myocardial injury, we used serial plasma troponin T and markers of metabolic stress in myocardial biopsies. RESULTS: Hundred and sixty patients (80 hybrid and 80 conventional) were randomized. Mean age was 66.5 years and 74% were male. Valve procedures included aortic (61.8%) and mitral (33.1%) alone or in combination (5.1%). CA time was 16% lower in the hybrid group [median 98 vs 89 min, geometric mean ratio (GMR) 0.84, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.77–0.93, P = 0.0004]. Complications related to myocardial injury occurred in 131/160 patients (64/80 conventional, 67/80 hybrid), odds ratio 1.24, 95% CI 0.54–2.86, P = 0.61. Release of troponin T was similar between groups (GMR 1.04, 95% CI 0.87–1.24, P = 0.68). Adenosine monophosphate was 28% lower in the hybrid group (GMR 0.72, 95% CI 0.51–1.02, P = 0.056). CONCLUSIONS: The hybrid procedure reduced the CA time but myocardial injury outcomes were not superior to conventional approach. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ISRCTN65770930.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberezx087
Pages (from-to)288-296
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
Volume52
Issue number2
Early online date24 Apr 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2017

Structured keywords

  • Centre for Surgical Research
  • BTC (Bristol Trials Centre)

Keywords

  • Myocardial protection
  • Beating heart coronary surgery
  • Cardioplegic arrest
  • Valve surgery

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