Social Assistance Programs and Child Poverty Alleviation — A Comparison Between Hong Kong and Mainland China

Di Qi, Vera M. Y. Tang

Research output: Contribution to journalSpecial issue (Academic Journal)peer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper compares the major child poverty alleviation policy in Hong Kong and the urban regions of Mainland China, i.e. Comprehensive Social Security Allowance (CSSA) Scheme and Minimum Living Security Standards (MLSS), respectively. It aims to examine whether CSSA and MLSS can tackle child poverty, to identify similarities and dissimilarities of CSSA and MLSS, and finally to suggest future policy implications or directions. A methodology of comprehensive systematic review is used to search for the relevant literature. The findings show that children living in poor families faced food consumption difficulties, lived in overcrowded environment and lacked education-related financial support and learning resources. Children's rights emphasized in the UNCRC (United Nations, 1989) in different dimensions of living standards were often unmet due to the limited support from these two cash transfer policies. Poor children experiencing multiple disadvantages need more than just monetary or material assistance. Such findings can provide evidence for policy makers to craft holistic responses to meet the needs and remove the barriers that poor children face in China.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAsian Social Work and Policy Review
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • comprehensive social security allowance
  • minimum living security standard
  • child poverty

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