Socio-Demographic Inequalities in the Prevalence, Diagnosis and Management of Hypertension in India: Analysis of Nationally-Representative Survey Data

Kath A. Moser*, Sutapa Agrawal, George Davey Smith, Shah Ebrahim

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Hypertension is a major contributing factor to the current epidemic of cardiovascular disease in India. Small studies suggest high, and increasing, prevalence especially in urban areas, with poor detection and management, but national data has been lacking. The aim of the current study was to use nationally-representative survey data to examine socio-demographic inequalities in the prevalence, diagnosis and management of hypertension in Indian adults.

Methods: Using data on self-reported diagnosis and treatment, and blood pressure measurement, collected from 12,198 respondents aged 18+ in the 2007 WHO Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health in India, factors associated with prevalence, diagnosis and treatment of hypertension were investigated.

Results: 22% men and 26% women had hypertension; prevalence increased steeply with body mass index (

Conclusion: Hypertension is very common in India, even among underweight adults and those of lower socioeconomic position. Improved detection is needed to reduce the burden of disease attributable to hypertension. Levels of treatment and control are relatively good, particularly in women, although urban men require more careful attention.

Original languageEnglish
Article number86043
Number of pages12
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Jan 2014

Keywords

  • HIGH BLOOD-PRESSURE
  • AWARENESS
  • EPIDEMIOLOGY
  • POPULATIONS
  • DISEASE
  • ADULTS
  • URBAN
  • COUNTRIES
  • POSITION
  • BURDEN

Projects

MRC UoB UNITE Unit - Programme 1

Davey Smith, G.

1/06/1331/03/18

Project: Research

Cite this