Socio-Ecological Intervention to Promote Active Commuting to Work: Protocol and Baseline Findings of a Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial in Finland

Charlie Foster, Minna Aittasalo, Johanna Tiilikainen, Kari Tokola, Timo Seimela, Satu-Maaria Sarjala, Pasi Metsapuro, Ari Hynynen, Jaana Suni, Harri Sievanen, Henri Vaha-Yypa, Kalle Vaismaa, Olli Vakkala, Sylvia Titze, Tommi Vasankari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Active commuting to work (ACW) is beneficial to traffic, environment and population health. More evidence is needed on effective ways to promote ACW. This paper describes the protocol and baseline findings of a cluster-randomized controlled study, which aims to promote ACW with multilevel strategies in two large workplace areas in Tampere, Finland. In Phase 1, the impacts of environmental strategies (trail improvements) were evaluated in 11 workplaces within Area 1. In Phase 2, five more workplaces were recruited from Area 2 to evaluate the impacts of social and behavioral strategies customized for each workplace. For this purpose, the workplaces in both areas were randomly assigned into experimental group (EXP, n = 6 + 2), which promoted ACW with social and behavioral strategies or into comparison group (COM, n = 5 + 3), which participated in the data collection only. The primary indicator in both phases is the change in employees’ ACW. Secondary indicators are e.g., changes in employees’ self-rated health, wellbeing at work, restrictions to and motivation for ACW, adverse effects due to ACW and the use and quality of the main walking and cycling trails. Also process, efficiency and environmental evaluation is included. The study is the first one in Finland to combine interdisciplinary collaboration between practitioners and researchers working in the fields of transportation, urban design, physical activity and sustainable development to promote ACW. The findings benefit all stakeholders interested in promoting ACW in urban context.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1257
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume14
Issue number10
Early online date20 Oct 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2017

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