Soil-pile-structure interaction: experimental outcomes from shaking table tests

Maria G Durante, Luigi Di Sarno*, George Mylonakis, Colin Anthony Taylor, Armando L Simonelli

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

76 Citations (Scopus)
777 Downloads (Pure)


An effective way to study the complex seismic soil-structure interaction phenomena is to investigate the response of physical scaled models in 1-g or n-g laboratory devices. The outcomes of an extensive experimental campaign carried out on scaled models by means of the shaking table of the Bristol Laboratory for Advanced Dynamics Engineering, University of Bristol, UK, are discussed in the present paper. The experimental model comprises an oscillator connected to a single or a group of piles embedded in a bi-layer deposit. Different pile head conditions, that is free head and fixed head, several dynamic properties of the structure, including different masses at the top of the single degree of freedom system, excited by various input motions, e.g. white noise, sinedwells and natural earthquake strong motions recorded in Italy, have been tested. In the present work, the modal dynamic response of the soil-pile-structure system is assessed in terms of period elongation and system damping ratio. Furthermore, the effects of oscillator mass and pile head conditions on soil-pile response have been highlighted, when the harmonic input motions are considered.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1041-1061
Number of pages21
JournalEarthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics
Issue number7
Early online date29 Dec 2015
Publication statusPublished - 4 May 2016


  • shaking table tests
  • soil–structure interaction
  • kinematic effects
  • inertial effects
  • period elongation
  • damping ratio


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