Solid-state MAS NMR resonance assignment methods for proteins

Victoria A. Higman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article (Academic Journal)peer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


The prerequisite to structural or functional studies of proteins by NMR is generally the assignment of resonances. Since the first assignment of proteins by solid-state MAS NMR was conducted almost two decades ago, a wide variety of different pulse sequences and methods have been proposed and continue to be developed. Traditionally, a variety of 2D and 3D 13C-detected experiments have been used for the assignment of backbone and side-chain 13C and 15N resonances. These methods have found widespread use across the field. But as the hardware has changed and higher spinning frequencies and magnetic fields are becoming available, the ability to use direct proton detection is opening up a new set of assignment methods based on triple-resonance experiments. This review describes solid-state MAS NMR assignment methods using carbon detection and proton detection at different deuteration levels. The use of different isotopic labelling schemes as an aid to assignment in difficult cases is discussed as well as the increasing number of software packages that support manual and automated resonance assignment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-65
Number of pages29
JournalProgress in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
Early online date25 Apr 2018
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2018


  • Labelling
  • Protein
  • Resonance assignment
  • Solid-state MAS NMR


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