Space loss and crowding

Anthony Ireland, Fraser McDonald, Rebecca John, Jonathan Sandy

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter in a book

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Crowding and spacing within the dental arches is largely under genetic control, but is affected by a number of local factors. This chapter describes these local factors, discusses how they can influence the development of the dentition and also describes the interceptive measures available to the orthodontist.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationOrthodontic management of the developing dentition
Subtitle of host publicationan evidence-based guide
PublisherSpringer International Publishing AG
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)9783319546377
ISBN (Print)9783319546353
Publication statusPublished - 2017


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