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Spain and the First World War: The Logic of Neutrality

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)44-64
Number of pages21
JournalWar in History
Issue number1
Early online date24 Jul 2017
DateAccepted/In press - 17 Dec 2016
DateE-pub ahead of print - 24 Jul 2017
DatePublished (current) - Jan 2019


At the outbreak of the armed hostilities in Europe, the Spanish government rapidly decreed its official neutrality in the conflict. This article analyses the nature and meaning of that neutrality and the reasons for its maintenance until the bitter end. Its adoption was a logical and necessary decision given the country’s economic and military weakness and the absence of any formal treaties with the belligerent blocs. However, this article examines how neutrality was not an static concept but underwent different phases related to the evolution of the war and the domestic realm and whose impact would be decisive in exacerbating the regime’s internal tensions and accelerating its decay and crisis.

    Research areas

  • First World War, neutrality, Count Romanones, King Alfonso XIII, Revolution

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    Rights statement: This is the author accepted manuscript (AAM). The final published version (version of record) is available online via Sage at Please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.

    Accepted author manuscript, 333 KB, PDF document


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