Speciation of tin (Sn2+ and Sn4+) in aqueous Cl solutions from 25 degrees C to 350 degrees C: an in situ EXAFS study

DM Sherman*, KV Ragnarsdottir, EH Oelkers, CR Collins

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

Abstract

X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopic (EXAFS) measurements were made of tin chloride solutions at temperatures from 25 degrees C to 350 degrees C. In Cl concentrations of 0.5 to 2.5 M; aqueous tin(II) forms SnCln2-n complexes with n increasing from 3.4 at 25 degrees C to 3.9 at 250 degrees C, indicating the presence of SnCl3- and SnCl42-. Between 250 degrees C and 350 degrees C, SnCl42- is the dominant species. In oxidized Cl brines, aqueous tin(IV) occurs as the SnCl62- complex from 25 degrees C to 250 degrees C. Neither the SnCl42- nor the SnCl62- complexes have been previously observed. The existence of these complexes, however, implies that SnO2 will be much more soluble than predicted by previous geochemical models. In particular, oxidized acidic brines will be capable of transporting tin as tin(IV) complexes. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)169-176
Number of pages8
JournalChemical Geology
Volume167
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jun 2000
EventSymposium on Direct Observation and Measurement of Hydrothermal Reactions held at the 8th VM Goldschmidt Conference - TOULOUSE, France
Duration: 30 Aug 19983 Sep 1998

Keywords

  • tin
  • Cl solutions
  • EXAFS
  • X-RAY-ABSORPTION
  • THERMODYNAMIC CONSTRAINTS
  • HYDROTHERMAL TRANSPORT
  • FLUID INCLUSIONS
  • TEMPERATURES
  • DEPOSITION
  • MINERALIZATION
  • COMPLEXES
  • THAILAND

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