Spino-Olivary Projections in the Rat Are Anatomically Separate From Postsynaptic Dorsal Column Projections

Charlotte R. Flavell, Nadia L. Cerminara, Richard Apps*, Bridget M. Lumb

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The gracile nucleus (GN) and lateral part of rostral dorsal accessory olive (rDAO) are important relays for indirect, postsynaptic dorsal column, and direct ascending pathways, respectively, that terminate as climbing fibers in the hindlimb-receiving parts of the C1 and C3 zones in the cerebellar cortex. While the spinal cells of origin of that project to GN and rDAO are from largely separate territories in the spinal cord, previous studies have indicated that there could be an area of overlap between these two populations in the medial dorsal horn. Given the access of these two ascending tracts to sensory (thalamic) versus sensorimotor (precerebellar) pathways, the present study therefore addresses the important question of whether or not individual neurons have the potential to contribute axons to both ascending pathways. A double-fluorescent tracer strategy was used in rats (red Retrobeads and Fluoro-Ruby or green Retrobeads and Fluoro-Emerald) to map the spatial distribution of cells of origin of the two projections in the lumbar spinal cord. The two pathways were found to receive input from almost entirely separate territories within the lumbar cord (levels L3-L5). GN predominantly receives input from lamina IV, while rDAO receives its input from three cell populations: medial laminae V-VI, lateral lamina V, and medial laminae VII-VIII. Cells that had axons that branched to supply both GN and rDAO represented only about 1% of either single-labeled cell population. Overall, the findings therefore suggest functional independence of the two ascending pathways. J. Comp. Neurol. 522:2179-2190, 2014. (c) 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2179-2190
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Comparative Neurology
Volume522
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 2014

Keywords

  • cerebellum
  • inferior olive
  • gracile
  • tracer
  • SPINO-OLIVOCEREBELLAR SYSTEM
  • ASCENDING SOMATOSENSORY PROJECTIONS
  • CLIMBING FIBER PROJECTION
  • INFERIOR OLIVARY COMPLEX
  • CEREBELLAR ANTERIOR LOBE
  • HORSERADISH-PEROXIDASE
  • FUNCTIONAL-ORGANIZATION
  • RETROGRADE TRANSPORT
  • SOMATOTOPICAL ORGANIZATION
  • PARAMEDIAN LOBULE

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