Spontaneous preterm birth prevention in multiple pregnancy

Sarah R Murray, Sarah J Stock, Shona Cowan, Elizabeth Sarah Cooper, Jane E Norman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article (Academic Journal)

Abstract

Key content: Twin pregnancies are associated with a three-fold greater perinatal mortality than singleton pregnancies. Prematurity is a main contributor, with 50% of twin pregnancies delivering before 37 weeks and 10% delivering before 32 weeks of gestation.The aetiology of preterm delivery in twin pregnancies is likely multifactorial and different from that of singletons.Cervical cerclage reduces preterm birth rates in singletons but has mixed results in twins with some studies showing harm.The use of progesterone to prevent preterm birth in singletons has conflicting results and has not been proven to prevent preterm birth in twins. Studies continue to determine whether the cervical pessary is effective in preventing preterm birth in multiple pregnancies.There is a paucity of data available on the prevention of preterm birth in triplets/higher order multiples but similar principles to twin pregnancy apply.

Learning objectives: To review the burden of preterm birth in multiple pregnancy.To understand the methods available for preventing preterm birth in multiple pregnancies and the evidence surrounding the use of each one.To be aware of the use of the Arabin pessary.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-63
Number of pages7
JournalObstetrician and Gynaecologist
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2018

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Spontaneous preterm birth prevention in multiple pregnancy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this