Sterilization of microorganisms on jet spray formed titanium dioxide surfaces

James W MacFarlane, HF Jenkinson, TB Scott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


The photocatalytic inactivation of microorganisms seeded on jet spray formed TiO2 surfaces was studied using ultra-violet LED illumination centered at a wavelength of 388 nm. The surfaces were found to be highly effective at eradicating Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus and Candida albicans cells, showing no obvious dependence on cell density. Efficiencies of killing were found to show a large variation between species with, in order of susceptibility, P. aeruginosa (gram-negative bacterium)>S. aureus (gram-positive bacterium) > C. albicans (yeast). A mechanism for inactivation based upon oxidation and reduction of cell membranes/walls by photo-generated OH radicals is supported. Those species with relatively thicker and complex cell wall structures (C. albicans and S. aureus) were destroyed more slowly than P. aeruginosa, which has a thinner cell wall. Electron microscopy examination showed complete mineralization of P. aeruginosa cells upon the TiO2 surface within 25 min of illumination. The results presented illustrate the benefit that jet spray formed coatings could have upon the health service with examples including implants and sterile surfaces.
Translated title of the contributionSterilization of microorganisms on jet spray formed titanium dioxide surfaces
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-185
JournalApplied Catalysis B: Environmental
Publication statusPublished - 2011


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