Strength of materials and masonry structures in Malawi

Panos Kloukinas, Innocent Kafodya, Ignasio Ngoma, Viviana Novelli, John Macdonald, Katsuichiro Goda

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference Contribution (Conference Proceeding)

Abstract

Strength properties of masonry materials commonly used for housing construction in formal and informal settlements in Malawi are investigated by means of laboratory testing, conducted on masonry prisms and panels. The tests are aimed at simulating actual field conditions and construction practices in the country. Based on observations from previous field surveys, specimens were prepared by local artisans using local commercially-produced bricks and various mortar types which were cured in uncontrolled conditions. The results reveal that the behaviour of the masonry in compression is governed by the low compressive strength of the bricks. It was also found that it is the quality of the brick-mortar bonding that governs the in-plane shear and out-ofplane flexural behaviour, which are critical for the resistance to horizontal loading, such as the earthquake action.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Engineering Materials, Structures and Systems: Innovations, Mechanics and Applications
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the 7th International Conference on Structural Engineering, Mechanics and Computation (SEMC 2019), September 2-4, 2019, Cape Town, South Africa
Place of PublicationLondon
PublisherTaylor & Francis Group
Chapter21
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9780429426506
Publication statusPublished - 20 Aug 2019
Event7th international Conference on Structural Engineering, Mechanics and Computation - Cape Town, South Africa
Duration: 2 Sep 20194 Sep 2019

Conference

Conference7th international Conference on Structural Engineering, Mechanics and Computation
Abbreviated titleSEMC 2019
CountrySouth Africa
CityCape Town
Period2/09/194/09/19

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    Dataset_Kloukinas et al._SEMC2019

    Kafodya, I. (Creator), Ngoma, I. (Creator), Novelli, V. (Creator) & Macdonald, J. H. G. (Creator), University of Bristol, 18 Apr 2019

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    Kloukinas, P., Kafodya, I., Ngoma, I., Novelli, V., Macdonald, J., & Goda, K. (2019). Strength of materials and masonry structures in Malawi. In Advances in Engineering Materials, Structures and Systems: Innovations, Mechanics and Applications: Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Structural Engineering, Mechanics and Computation (SEMC 2019), September 2-4, 2019, Cape Town, South Africa Taylor & Francis Group. https://www.taylorfrancis.com/books/9780429426506