Stress enhances hippocampal neuronal synchrony and alters ripple-spike interaction

Anupratap Tomar*, Denis Polygalov, Sumantra Chattarji, Thomas McHugh*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

Abstract

Adverse effects of chronic stress include anxiety, depression, and memory deficits. Some of these stress-induced behavioural deficits are mediated by impaired hippocampal function. Much of our current understanding about how stress affects the hippocampus has been derived from post-mortem analyses of brain slices at fixed time points. Consequently, neural signatures of an ongoing stressful experiences in the intact brain of awake animals and their links to later hippocampal dysfunction remain poorly understood. Further, no information is available on the impact of stress on sharp-wave ripples (SPW-Rs), high frequency oscillation transients crucial for memory consolidation. Here, we used in vivo tetrode recordings to analyze the dynamic impact of 10 days of immobili-zation stress on neural activity in area CA1 of mice. While there was a net decrease in pyramidal cell activity in stressed animals, a greater fraction of CA1 spikes occurred specifically during sharp-wave ripples, resulting in an increase in neuronal synchrony. After repeated stress some of these alterations were visible during rest even in the absence of stress. These findings offer new insights into stress-induced changes in ripple-spike interactions and mechanisms through which chronic stress may interfere with subsequent information processing
Original languageEnglish
Article number100327
JournalNeurobiology of Stress
Volume14
Early online date2021
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2021

Keywords

  • Stress
  • Ripples
  • SPW-Rs
  • Hippoampus
  • Pyramidal Cells
  • ripple-spike-interaction

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