Stress-free temperature in a mixed-adhesive joint

RD Adams, LFM Da Silva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

64 Citations (Scopus)


Adhesive joints used in supersonic aircraft fuselage need to withstand low (−55°C), as well as high (200°C) temperatures. However, there are no adhesives suitable for the whole temperature range. A solution would be a joint with a combination of a low-temperature adhesive and a high-temperature adhesive, called a mixed-adhesive joint. In a bonded joint, the thermal stresses are generated essentially by the different thermal expansion properties of the adhesive and the adherends and, to a lesser extent, by the shrinkage of the adhesive produced by curing. The case of a mixed-adhesive joint is more complicated because there are two adhesives with different glass transition temperatures (Tg). To determine the stress-free temperature in a mixed adhesive joint, sandwich specimens of aluminium-adhesive-CFRP (carbon-fibre-reinforced plastic) were fabricated and the thermal strains were measured with strain gauges. In a mixed adhesive joint, two stress-free temperatures were found: the stress-free temperature of the high temperature adhesive, which is its cure temperature, and the stress-free temperature of the low temperature adhesive, which is its Tg.
Translated title of the contributionStress-free temperature in a mixed-adhesive joint
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1705 - 1726
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Adhesion Science and Technology
Publication statusPublished - 2006


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