Structure and density of molten fayalite at high pressure

C. Sanloup*, J. W. E. Drewitt, C. Crepisson, Y. Kono, C. Park, C. McCammon, L. Hennet, S. Brassamin, A. Bytchkov

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The structure of molten fayalite was studied up to 7.5 GPa by means of in situ energy-dispersive X-ray diffraction. The pressure-range studied covers the fayalite-spinel-liquid triple point at 6.2 GPa. For pure molten fayalite, Fe-O coordination increases gradually from 4.8(2) at ambient pressure (P) to 7.2(3) at 7.5 GPa. Compressibility of the melt is derived from the extrapolation of the structure factor to q = 0 angstrom(-1), enabling the determination of density as a function of P with an unprecedented P-resolution. This is a promising method to extract the equation of state of non-crystalline materials at moderate P. The link between observed structural changes and density increase and the fact that structural changes occur over a broad but limited P-range in silicate melts implies that the equation of state should not be extrapolated at P-values higher than obtained in measurements, and that a single equation of state cannot accurately describe the density evolution over the whole terrestrial mantle P-temperature (T) range. Fe-rich melts are expected to have a higher densification rate than their Mg counterparts in the 0-10 GPa range due to the increase of Fe-O coordination number. As a consequence, Fe-rich melts are more likely to be trapped at depth. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)118-128
JournalGeochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
Volume118
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2013

Keywords

  • X-RAY INTENSITIES
  • SILICATE MELTS
  • COORDINATION CHANGES
  • GLASSES
  • LIQUID
  • FE2SIO4
  • MANTLE
  • IRON
  • THERMODYNAMICS
  • SPECTROSCOPY

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