Subchondral bone microarchitecture and mineral density inhuman osteoarthritis and osteoporosis: A regional and compartmental analysis

Yunfei Li, Yulia Liem, Enrico Dall'Ara, Niall Sullivan, Haroon Ahmed, Ashley W Blom, Mohammed Sharif*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

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Abstract

Osteoarthritis (OA) and osteoporosis (OP) are historically considered to be in-versely correlated but there may be an overlap between the pathophysiology of the two diseases. This study aimed to investigate the subchondral bone micro-architecture and matrix mineralization, and the association between them in OA and OP in relation to the degree of cartilage degeneration. Fiftysix osteochondral plugs were collected from 16 OA femoral heads. They were graded on a regional basis according to the stages of cartilage degeneration, as evaluated by a new macro-scopic and a modified microscopic grading system. Twentyone plugs were collected from seven femoral heads with OP. Plugs were scanned by microcomputed tomography and the microarchitectural and mineral properties were obtained for both subchondral plate and trabecular bone. Microarchitecture and material and apparent densities of subchondral bone in OP were similar to regions with early cartilage degeneration but different from regions with advanced cartilage de-gradation in OA femoral heads. Subchondral trabecular bone was more mineralized than subchondral plate in both OP and OA, and this compartmental difference varied by severity of cartilage degradation. Furthermore, the relationship among trabecular bone volume fraction, tissue mineral density, and apparent bone density was similar in OP and different stages of OA. Subchondral bone microarchitecture and mineral properties in OP are different from OA in a regionalized manner in relation to stages of cartilage degeneration. Both regional and compartmental differences at structural, material, and cellular levels need to be studied to under-stand the transition of OA subchondral bone from being osteoporotic to sclerotic.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Orthopaedic Research
Early online date10 Mar 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 10 Mar 2021

Keywords

  • Osteoarthritis
  • Osteoporosis
  • Subchondral Bone
  • Cartilage Degeneration
  • Mineral Density

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