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Suicide by hanging is a priority for suicide prevention: method specific suicide in India (2001-2014)

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Suicide by hanging is a priority for suicide prevention : method specific suicide in India (2001-2014). / Arya, Vikas; Page, Andrew ; Gunnell, David; Dandona, Rakhi; Mannan, Haider; Eddleston, Michael; Armstrong, Gregory.

In: Journal of Affective Disorders, Vol. 257, 01.10.2019, p. 1-9.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Arya, V, Page, A, Gunnell, D, Dandona, R, Mannan, H, Eddleston, M & Armstrong, G 2019, 'Suicide by hanging is a priority for suicide prevention: method specific suicide in India (2001-2014)', Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 257, pp. 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2019.07.005

APA

Arya, V., Page, A., Gunnell, D., Dandona, R., Mannan, H., Eddleston, M., & Armstrong, G. (2019). Suicide by hanging is a priority for suicide prevention: method specific suicide in India (2001-2014). Journal of Affective Disorders, 257, 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2019.07.005

Vancouver

Arya V, Page A, Gunnell D, Dandona R, Mannan H, Eddleston M et al. Suicide by hanging is a priority for suicide prevention: method specific suicide in India (2001-2014). Journal of Affective Disorders. 2019 Oct 1;257:1-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2019.07.005

Author

Arya, Vikas ; Page, Andrew ; Gunnell, David ; Dandona, Rakhi ; Mannan, Haider ; Eddleston, Michael ; Armstrong, Gregory. / Suicide by hanging is a priority for suicide prevention : method specific suicide in India (2001-2014). In: Journal of Affective Disorders. 2019 ; Vol. 257. pp. 1-9.

Bibtex

@article{641b0907f8e64463995c3d695c4258f5,
title = "Suicide by hanging is a priority for suicide prevention: method specific suicide in India (2001-2014)",
abstract = "Background: India accounts for over a quarter of the global burden of suicide. One of the most effective population level suicide prevention strategies has been restricting access to suicide means.Method: Trends in method specific suicide rates (2001-2014) were calculated using National Crime Records Bureau data stratified by sex, age-group, and geographical region. Multilevel negative binomial regression models stratified by sex and suicide method were specified to investigate associations between state-level indicators of economic development, education, agricultural pesticide use and religious factors.Results: Suicide by hanging increased by 56{\%} (from 3.9 to 6.1 per 100,000) among males and by 24{\%} (from 2.1 to 2.6 per 100,000) among females over the study period while incidence of insecticide poisoning decreased by 44{\%} (from 2.7 to 1.5 per 100,000) among males and by 52{\%} (from 1.7 to 0.8 per 100,000) among females. In general, states with higher levels of development, higher agricultural employment and higher literacy had higher rates of suicide for each suicide method. States with higher levels of agricultural pesticide use had higher rates of insecticide poisoning suicides. Limitation: Reported rates might be an underestimation of the true rates as the official data used for the analysis likely underestimates the actual number of suicide deaths in India.Conclusion: Responsible reporting of suicide by hanging in the media, and limiting fictional portrayals of this method may be useful areas for prevention. Further restrictions on production and sales of highly hazardous pesticides may also help with further reductions in suicide by pesticide poisoning.",
keywords = "India, Pesticide poisoning, Insecticide poisoning, Hanging, Suicide",
author = "Vikas Arya and Andrew Page and David Gunnell and Rakhi Dandona and Haider Mannan and Michael Eddleston and Gregory Armstrong",
year = "2019",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jad.2019.07.005",
language = "English",
volume = "257",
pages = "1--9",
journal = "Journal of Affective Disorders",
issn = "0165-0327",
publisher = "North-Holland Publishing Company",

}

RIS - suitable for import to EndNote

TY - JOUR

T1 - Suicide by hanging is a priority for suicide prevention

T2 - method specific suicide in India (2001-2014)

AU - Arya, Vikas

AU - Page, Andrew

AU - Gunnell, David

AU - Dandona, Rakhi

AU - Mannan, Haider

AU - Eddleston, Michael

AU - Armstrong, Gregory

PY - 2019/10/1

Y1 - 2019/10/1

N2 - Background: India accounts for over a quarter of the global burden of suicide. One of the most effective population level suicide prevention strategies has been restricting access to suicide means.Method: Trends in method specific suicide rates (2001-2014) were calculated using National Crime Records Bureau data stratified by sex, age-group, and geographical region. Multilevel negative binomial regression models stratified by sex and suicide method were specified to investigate associations between state-level indicators of economic development, education, agricultural pesticide use and religious factors.Results: Suicide by hanging increased by 56% (from 3.9 to 6.1 per 100,000) among males and by 24% (from 2.1 to 2.6 per 100,000) among females over the study period while incidence of insecticide poisoning decreased by 44% (from 2.7 to 1.5 per 100,000) among males and by 52% (from 1.7 to 0.8 per 100,000) among females. In general, states with higher levels of development, higher agricultural employment and higher literacy had higher rates of suicide for each suicide method. States with higher levels of agricultural pesticide use had higher rates of insecticide poisoning suicides. Limitation: Reported rates might be an underestimation of the true rates as the official data used for the analysis likely underestimates the actual number of suicide deaths in India.Conclusion: Responsible reporting of suicide by hanging in the media, and limiting fictional portrayals of this method may be useful areas for prevention. Further restrictions on production and sales of highly hazardous pesticides may also help with further reductions in suicide by pesticide poisoning.

AB - Background: India accounts for over a quarter of the global burden of suicide. One of the most effective population level suicide prevention strategies has been restricting access to suicide means.Method: Trends in method specific suicide rates (2001-2014) were calculated using National Crime Records Bureau data stratified by sex, age-group, and geographical region. Multilevel negative binomial regression models stratified by sex and suicide method were specified to investigate associations between state-level indicators of economic development, education, agricultural pesticide use and religious factors.Results: Suicide by hanging increased by 56% (from 3.9 to 6.1 per 100,000) among males and by 24% (from 2.1 to 2.6 per 100,000) among females over the study period while incidence of insecticide poisoning decreased by 44% (from 2.7 to 1.5 per 100,000) among males and by 52% (from 1.7 to 0.8 per 100,000) among females. In general, states with higher levels of development, higher agricultural employment and higher literacy had higher rates of suicide for each suicide method. States with higher levels of agricultural pesticide use had higher rates of insecticide poisoning suicides. Limitation: Reported rates might be an underestimation of the true rates as the official data used for the analysis likely underestimates the actual number of suicide deaths in India.Conclusion: Responsible reporting of suicide by hanging in the media, and limiting fictional portrayals of this method may be useful areas for prevention. Further restrictions on production and sales of highly hazardous pesticides may also help with further reductions in suicide by pesticide poisoning.

KW - India

KW - Pesticide poisoning

KW - Insecticide poisoning

KW - Hanging

KW - Suicide

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85068521046&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jad.2019.07.005

DO - 10.1016/j.jad.2019.07.005

M3 - Article

VL - 257

SP - 1

EP - 9

JO - Journal of Affective Disorders

JF - Journal of Affective Disorders

SN - 0165-0327

ER -