Reacting (-)-menthyl sulfinate with an atropisomeric but racemic aryllithium gives two atropdiastereoisomeric sulfoxides. Separation (by chromatography or crystallisation) and sulfoxide-lithium exchange of each diastereoisomer regenerates the aryllithium in enantiomerically pure form which can be quenched with a range of electrophiles with retention of stereochemical integrity. Overall the reaction sequence is a resolution but without the need for an acidic or basic substituent - a 'traceless' method. In certain instances, for example when the nucleophile is an ortholithiated peri-substituted 1-naphthamide, the diastereoisomeric sulfoxides may be interconverted thermally. This allows a dynamic resolution, under thermodynamic control, and hence in principle can give yields of the final products of greater than 50%. The utility of the method is demonstrated by the synthesis of a known atropisomeric phosphine ligand.