Surface properties of titanium and zirconia dental implant materials and their effect on bacterial adhesion

Afya S D Al-Radha, D Dymock, C Younes, D O'Sullivan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

113 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Zirconia ceramic material has been widely used in implant dentistry. In this in vitro study the physiochemical properties of titanium and zirconia materials were investigated and the affinity of different bacteria to different materials was compared. METHODS: Disc samples with different surface states were used: polished partially stabilized zirconia (PZ), titanium blasted with zirconia (TBZ), titanium blasted with zirconia then acid etched (TBZA), and polished titanium (PT) as a control. Surface topography was examined using scanning electron microscopy and profilometry. Contact angle, surface free energy (SFE), surface microhardness and chemical composition were determined. Disc samples were separately incubated with Streptococcus mitis and Prevotella nigrescens, either with or without pre-coating with human saliva, for 6h and the surface area covered by bacteria was calculated from fluorescence microscope images. RESULTS: PZ and TBZ exhibited lower surface free energy and lesser surface wettability than PT. Also, PZ and TBZ surfaces showed lower percentage of bacterial adhesion compared with control PT surface. CONCLUSIONS: The zirconia material and titanium blasted with zirconia surface (TBZ surface) showed superior effect to titanium material in reducing the adhesion of the experimented bacteria especially after coating with saliva pellicle. Modifying titanium with zirconia lead to have the same surface properties of pure zirconia material in reducing bacterial adhesion. SFE appears to be the most important factors that determine initial bacterial adhesion to smooth surface.
Translated title of the contributionSurface properties of titanium and zirconia dental implant materials and their effect on bacterial adhesion
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)146 - 153
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Dentistry
Volume40
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2012

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