Surgery for simple and complex subaortic stenosis in children and young adults: results from a prospective, procedure-based national database

Dan M Dorobantu, Mansour T Sharabiani, Robin P Martin, Gianni D Angelini, Andrew J Parry, Massimo Caputo, Serban C Stoica

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To identify the outcomes of surgically treated subaortic stenosis in a national population.

METHODS: From 2000 to 2013, 1047 patients aged < 40 years underwent 1142 subaortic stenosis procedures. Of the 1047 patients, 484 (46.2%) were considered to have complex stenosis (CS) because at or before the first operation they had mitral valve (MV) disease, aortic valve disease, aortic coarctation or an interrupted aortic arch.

RESULTS: The 30-day mortality was 0.7% for simple stenosis (SS), 2.3% for CS (P = .06), and 1.6% overall. Age < 1 year (P < .01), MV procedure (P = .02) and an interrupted aortic arch at the index procedure (P < .01) were risk factors for early death. Konno-type procedure early mortality was 2.4%. The 12-year survival was 97.1%, with a significant difference between SS and CS (hazard ratio [HR], 4.53; P = .02). Having MV disease alone (HR, 4.11; P = .02), MV disease plus aortic coarctation (HR, 6.73; P = .008), and age < 1 year (HR, 6.72; P < .001) were risk factors for late mortality. Freedom from subaortic reintervention overall was 92.3% and 88.5% at 5 and 12 years, respectively, much greater with CS than with SS (HR, 4.91; P < .0001). The independent risk factors for reintervention were younger age at the index procedure (HR, 0.1/y; P = .002), concomitant MV procedure (HR, 2.68; P = .019), ventricular septal defect plus interrupted aortic arch (HR, 3.19; P = .014), and ventricular septal defect plus aortic coarctation (HR, 2.41; P = .023). Undergoing a concomitant aortic valve procedure at the index procedure was protective (HR, 0.29; P = .025).

CONCLUSIONS: Patients with SS had excellent outcomes. However, those with CS had worse long-term survival and freedom from reintervention, with morbidity and mortality greatest in young patients with multiple lesions. Additional evaluation in large-scale prospective studies is warranted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2618-26
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Volume148
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2014

Structured keywords

  • Centre for Surgical Research

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aortic Stenosis, Subvalvular
  • Cardiac Surgical Procedures
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Databases, Factual
  • Great Britain
  • Hospital Mortality
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Kaplan-Meier Estimate
  • Postoperative Complications
  • Proportional Hazards Models
  • Reoperation
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Young Adult

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Surgery for simple and complex subaortic stenosis in children and young adults: results from a prospective, procedure-based national database'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this