Sustainable Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Review

Saptarshi Maiti, Md Rashedul Islam, Mohammad Abbas Uddin, Shaila Afroj, Stephen J. Eichhorn, Nazmul Karim*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

68 Citations (Scopus)
131 Downloads (Pure)


Sustainable fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) composites from renewable and biodegradable fibrous materials and polymer matrices are of great interest, as they can potentially reduce environmental impacts. However, the overall properties of such composites are still far from the high-performance conventional glass or carbon FRP composites. Therefore, a balance between composite performance and biodegradability is required with approaches to what one might call an eco-friendly composite. This review provides an overview of sustainable FRP composites, their manufacturing techniques, and sustainability in general at materials, manufacturing, and end-of-life levels. Sustainable plant-based natural fibers and polymer matrices are also summarized, followed by an overview of their modification techniques to obtain high-performance, multifunctional, and sustainable FRP composites. Current state-of-the-art mechanical and functional properties of such composites are then surveyed, and an overview of their potential applications in various industries, including automobile, aerospace, construction, medical, sports, and electronics is provided. Finally, future market trends, current challenges, and the future perspective on sustainable natural FRP composites are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2200258
JournalAdvanced Sustainable Systems
Issue number11
Early online date19 Sept 2022
Publication statusPublished - 16 Nov 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
S.M. and M.R.I. contributed equally to this work. The authors acknowledge UKRI Expanding Excellence in England (E3) funding from Research England, and also graphic supports from Laura Wescott.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Authors. Advanced Sustainable Systems published by Wiley-VCH GmbH.


  • fiber reinforced polymer composites
  • natural fibers
  • recycled polymers
  • sustainable composites


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