Symmetry and human facial attractiveness

D I Perrett, D M Burt, I S Penton-Voak, K J Lee, D A Rowland, R Edwards

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

427 Citations (Scopus)


Symmetry may act as a marker of phenotypic and genetic quality and is preferred during mate selection in a variety of species. Measures of human body symmetry correlate with attractiveness, but studies manipulating human face images report a preference for asymmetry. These results may reflect unnatural feature shapes and changes in skin textures introduced by image processing, When the shape of facial features is varied (with skin textures held constant), increasing symmetry of face shape increases ratings of attractiveness for both male and female faces. These findings imply facial symmetry may have a positive impact on mate selection in humans. (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Inc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)295-307
Number of pages13
JournalEvolution and Human Behavior
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Sept 1999


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