Synchronous peak Barrovian metamorphism driven by syn-orogenic magmatism and fluid flow in southern Connecticut, USA

Penelope J Lancaster, EF Baxter, JJ Ague, CM Breeding, T L Owens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent work in Barrovian metamorphic terranes has found that rocks experience peak metamorphic temperatures across several grades at similar times. This result is inconsistent with most geodynamic models of crustal overthickening and conductive heating, wherein rocks which reach different metamorphic grades generally reach peak temperatures at different times. Instead, the presence of additional sources of heat and/or focusing mechanisms for heat transport, such as magmatic intrusions and/or advection by metamorphic fluids, may have contributed to the contemporaneous development of several different metamorphic zones. Here, we test the hypothesis of temporally focussed heating for the Wepawaug Schist, a Barrovian terrane in Connecticut, USA, using Sm-Nd ages of prograde garnet growth and U-Pb zircon crystallisation ages of associated igneous rocks. Peak temperature in the biotite-garnet zone was dated (via Sm-Nd on garnet) at 378.9±1.6Ma (2), whereas peak temperature in the highest grade staurolite-kyanite zone was dated (via Sm-Nd on garnet rims) at 379.9±6.8Ma (2). These garnet ages suggest that peak metamorphism was pene-contemporaneous (within error) across these metamorphic grades. Ion microprobe U-Pb ages for zircons from igneous rocks hosted by the metapelites also indicate a period of synmetamorphic peak igneous activity at 380.6±4.7Ma (2σ), indistinguishable from the peak ages recorded by garnets. A 388.6±2.1Ma (2σ) garnet core age from the staurolite-kyanite zone indicates an earlier episode of growth (coincident with ages from texturally early zircons and a previously published monazite age) along the prograde regional metamorphic T-t path. The timing of peak metamorphism and igneous activity, as well as the occurrence of extensive syn-metamorphic quartz vein systems and pegmatites, best supports the hypothesis that advective heating driven by magmas and fluids focussed major mineral growth into two distinct episodes: the first at c. 389 Ma, and the second, corresponding to the regionally synchronous peak metamorphism, at c. 380 Ma.
Translated title of the contributionSynchronous peak Barrovian metamorphism driven by syn-orogenic magmatism and fluid flow in southern Connecticut, USA
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)527 - 538
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Metamorphic Geology
Volume26 (5)
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2008

Bibliographical note

Publisher: Blackwell

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