Synthesis and characterisation of group nine transition metal complexes containing new mesityl and naphthyl based azaindole scorpionate ligands

Gareth R. Owen, Nikolaos Tsoureas, Rebecca F. Hope, Yu-Ying Kuo, Mairi F. Haddow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


Two novel boron-based flexible scorpionate ligands based on 7-azaindole, Li[HB(azaindolyl)(2)(1-naphthyl)] and Li[HB(azaindolyl)(2)(mesityl)] {Li[(Naphth)Bai] and Li[(Mes)Bai] respectively}, have been prepared (mesityl = 2,4,6-trimethylphenyl). These salts have been isolated in two forms, either as dimeric structures which contain bridging hydride interactions with the lithium centres or as crystalline material containing mono nuclear bis-acetonitrile solvates. The newly formed ligands have been utilised to prepare a range of group nine transition metal complexes with the general formula [M(COD){kappa(3)-NNH-HB (azaindolyl)(2)(Ar)}] (where M = rhodium, iridium; Ar = 1-naphthyl, mesityl; COD = 1,5-cyclooctadiene) and [Rh(NBD){kappa(3)-NNH-HB (azaindolyl)(2)(Ar)}] (where NBD = 2,5-norbornadiene; Ar = 1-naphthyl, mesityl). These new complexes have been compared to the previously reported compounds which contain the related scorpionate ligands Li[HB(azaindolyl)(2)(phenyl)] and K[HB(azaindolyl)(3)] {Li[(Ph)Bai] and K[Tai] respectively}. Structural characterisation of the complexes [Rh(COD){kappa(3)-NNH-HB (azaindolyl)(2)(mesityl)}], [Ir(COD){kappa(3)-NNH-HB (azaindolyl)(2)(mesityl)}] and [Rh(NBD){kappa(3)-NNH-HB (azaindolyl)(2)(naphthyl)}] confirm the expected kappa(3)-NNH coordination mode for these new ligands. Spectroscopic analysis suggests strong interactions of the B-H functional group with the metal centres in all cases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5906-5915
Number of pages10
JournalDalton Transactions
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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