In this study, a porous material HKUST-1 was synthesised using supercritical CO2 (scCO2) with reduced amounts of conventional solvents. This can help to reduce the environmental impact from solvent waste in conventional synthesis of porous materials. Resulting data show that with the presence of scCO2, HKUST-1 crystallites with hierarchical pore structure are formed. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) showed that scCO2-expanded synthesis had an effect on the porosity of the structure. Macroporous faceted crystallites are seen in the sample synthesised under scCO2 in 24 hours, compared to the perfectly smooth faces of the conventionally-synthesised HKUST-1. A higher proportion of macropores with some mesopores can be seen after 48-hour synthesis in scCO2. A finely divided microstructure with networks of macro- and mesopores is seen in the material after 72 hours. Electron diffraction shows that the crystallites are single crystals with length scale of 51 nm.
|Publication status||Published - Mar 2016|
|Event||The 39th British Zeolite Association Meeting - University of Bath, Bath, United Kingdom|
Duration: 21 Mar 2016 → 23 Mar 2016
Conference number: 39
|Conference||The 39th British Zeolite Association Meeting|
|Period||21/03/16 → 23/03/16|