Systematic examination of thermal, mechanical and dielectrical properties of aromatic polybenzoxazines

Ian Hamerton*, Brendan J. Howlin, Amy L. Mitchell, Lisa T. McNamara, Shinji Takeda

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A series of bis-benzoxazines, prepared in high yield and purity using two synthetic procedures, is reported. Differential scanning calorimetry reveals similar temperatures for the onset of polymerisation (162-180 °C); the higher values representing monomers containing polar bridges or rigid backbones. Dynamic viscoelasticity data reveal glass transition temperatures for the polybenzoxazines ranging from 187 °C to 235 °C; a fluorinated polybenzoxazine consistently yields the highest T g of the polymers studied. The latter is interesting since it is superior to many commercial benzoxazines with a relatively high T g (235 °C), flexural modulus (5.0 GPa) and flexural strength (146.7 MPa), but coupled with a breaking strain (3.06%) that is uncharacteristically high for polybenzoxazines. The incorporation of fluorine results in a low dielectric loss properties (D k = 3.71-4.12 at 10 MHz, D f = 0.0109 - 0.0980 at 10 MHz), which are comparable with commercial polybenzoxazines, FR4 and aerospace epoxy resins and superior to commercial bismaleimides.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)736-744
Number of pages9
JournalReactive and Functional Polymers
Volume72
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2012

Keywords

  • Dielectric properties
  • Mechanical properties
  • Molecular simulation
  • Polybenzoxazines
  • Thermal analysis

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