Targeting pediatric leukemia propagating cells using anti-CD200 antibody therapy.

Paraskevi (Vivian) Diamanti, Charlotte V Cox, Allison Blair*, Benjamin Ede, John P Moppett

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
44 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Treating refractory pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) remains a challenge despite impressive remission rates (>90%) achieved in the last decade. The use of innovative immunotherapeutic approaches such as anti-CD19 chimeric antigen receptor T cells does not ensure durable remissions, because leukemia-propagating cells (LPCs) that lack expression of CD19 can cause relapse, which signifies the need to identify new markers of ALL. Here we investigated expression of CD58, CD97, and CD200, which were previously shown to be overexpressed in B-cell precursor ALL (BCP-ALL) in CD34+/CD19+, CD34+/CD19–, CD34–/CD19+, and CD34–/CD19– LPCs, to assess their potential as therapeutic targets. Whole-genome microarray and flow cytometric analyses showed significant overexpression of these molecules compared with normal controls. CD58 and CD97 were mainly co-expressed with CD19 and were not a prerequisite for leukemia engraftment in immune deficient mice. In contrast, expression of CD200 was essential for engraftment and serial transplantation of cells in measurable residual disease (MRD) low-risk patients. Moreover, these CD200+ LPCs could be targeted by using the monoclonal antibody TTI-CD200 in vitro and in vivo. Treating mice with established disease significantly reduced disease burden and extended survival. These findings demonstrate that CD200 could be an attractive target for treating low-risk ALL, with minimal off-tumor effects that beset current immunotherapeutic approaches.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3694–3708
Number of pages15
JournalBlood Advances
Volume5
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Sept 2021

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